Change Log

eGenix pyOpenSSL Change Log

The change log includes a detailed description of all changes to this distribution in the recent releases.
Version: 0.13.11

Changes from 0.13.10 to 0.13.11:

  • CVE-2015-1793: An error in the implementation of the alternative certificate chain logic could allow an attacker to use a regular server leaf certificate as CA certificate.

Changes from 0.13.9 to 0.13.10:

  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1n to 1.0.1o, which fixes an ABI incompatibility introduced in OpenSSL 1.0.1n.

Changes from 0.13.8 to 0.13.9:

  • Fixed a bug in the build process which resulted in the CA bundle files not get installed in the OpenSSL/ package dir.
  • Added a work-around for recent pip versions not showing the installer output, causing an apparently hanging installation process. The installer will now use a timeout when entering the crypto confirmation and report how to fix the problem (by using an environment variable EGENIX_CRYPTO_CONFIRM for confirmation).
  • Updated the Mozilla CA root bundle to version 2015-04-22.
  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1m to 1.0.1n. See for a complete list of changes. The following fixes are relevant for pyOpenSSL applications:
    • Logjam attack: OpenSSL 1.0.1n includes DHE man-in-the-middle downgrade protection.
    • CVE-2015-1788: Possible infinite loop during client authentication, which can be used for Denial of Service (DoS) attacks.

    • CVE-2015-1789: X509_cmp_time does not properly check the length of the ASN1_TIME string and can read a few bytes out of bounds, which can lead to a segmentation fault.
    • CVE-2015-1790: The PKCS#7 parsing code does not handle missing inner EncryptedContent correctly, which can lead to a NULL pointer dereference on parsing.
    • CVE-2015-1792: When verifying a signedData message the CMS code can enter an infinite loop if presented with an unknown hash function OID.
    • CVE-2015-1791: If a NewSessionTicket is received by a multi-threaded client when attempting to reuse a previous ticket then a race condition can occur potentially leading to a double free of the ticket data.
  • Various minor fixes to the web installer to make installations on Linux and FreeBSD more robust, having pip uninstall not remove the .pyc/.pyo files, intermittent error causing a source installation in some rare cases.

Changes from 0.13.7 to 0.13.8:

  • Added FreeBSD as supported platform.
  • Updated the Mozilla CA root bundle to version 2015-02-19.
  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1k to 1.0.1m. We had skipped OpenSSL 1.0.1l, since the 1.0.1l release only contained a patch for Windows we had already included in our release. See ​ for a complete list of changes. The following fixes are relevant for pyOpenSSL applications:
    • CVE-2015-0286: Segmentation fault in ASN1_TYPE_cmp.
    • CVE-2015-0287: ASN.1 structure reuse memory corruption.
    • CVE-2015-0289: PKCS#7 NULL pointer dereference.
    • CVE-2015-0292: A vulnerability existed in previous versions of OpenSSL related to the processing of base64 encoded data. Any code path that reads base64 data from an untrusted source could be affected (such as the PEM processing routines). Already fixed in OpenSSL 1.0.1h, but wasn't listed, so repeated here for completeness.
    • CVE-2015-0293: Denial-of-Service (DoS) via reachable assert in SSLv2 servers.
    • CVE-2015-0209: Use After Free following d2i_ECPrivatekey error. A malformed EC private key file consumed via the d2i_ECPrivateKey function could cause a use after free condition.

Changes from 0.13.6 to 0.13.7:

  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1j to 1.0.1k. See for a complete list of changes. The following fixes are relevant for pyOpenSSL applications:
    • CVE-2014-8275:  OpenSSL accepts several non-DER-variations of certificate signature algorithm and signature encodings. OpenSSL also does not enforce a match between the signature algorithm between the signed and unsigned portions of the certificate. By modifying the contents of the signature algorithm or the encoding of the signature, it is possible to change the certificate's fingerprint.
    • CVE-2014-3572: An OpenSSL client will accept a handshake using an ephemeral ECDH ciphersuite using an ECDSA certificate if the server key exchange message is omitted. This effectively removes forward secrecy from the ciphersuite.
    • CVE-2015-0204: An OpenSSL client will accept the use of an RSA temporary key in a non-export RSA key exchange ciphersuite. A server could present a weak temporary key and downgrade the security of the session. This is also known as FREAK Attack.
    • CVE-2014-3570: Bignum squaring (BN_sqr) may produce incorrect results on some platforms, including x86_64. This bug occurs at random with a very low probability, and is not known to be exploitable in any way, though its exact impact is difficult to determine.
    • CVE-2015-0205: An OpenSSL server will accept a DH certificate for client authentication without the certificate verify message. This effectively allows a client to authenticate without the use of a private key. This only affects servers which trust a client certificate authority which issues certificates containing DH keys: these are extremely rare and hardly ever encountered.

Changes from 0.13.5 to 0.13.6:

  • Reenabled the SSLv2 support in the bundled OpenSSL libraries which we had removed in 0.13.5, since removing the SSLv2 symbols resulted in too many compatibility problems with existing code such as e.g.
    >>> import OpenSSL
    >>> import ssl
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
      File "", line 60, in <module>
        import _ssl
    ImportError: undefined symbol: SSLv2_method
    The ImportError is the result of using the 0.13.5 version of the OpenSSL libs with an ssl module which was compiled against a system version with SSLv2 support, effectively making the ssl module unusable.

    To protect against SSLv2 and SSLv3 downgrade attacks, please make sure you setup the SSL context to disallow using SSLv2 and SSLv3, e.g.

    context = SSL.Context(SSL.SSLv23_METHOD)
    context.set_options(SSL.OP_NO_SSLv2 | SSL.OP_NO_SSLv3)
  • OpenSSL.__version__ is now updated to the distribution version rather than left at "0.13" as it was in previous releases. It now shows "0.13.6" for this release.
  • Emphasized on the need to "import OpenSSL" early to prevent Python from loading the system OpenSSL libraries instead of the embedded ones. Be sure to read the section Loading the embedded OpenSSL Libraries of the documentation for details on how to make sure that the embedded libraries are loaded.

Changes from to 0.13.5:

  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1i to 1.0.1j. See for a complete list of changes. The following fixes are relevant for pyOpenSSL applications:
    • CVE-2014-3567:  Memory leak in OpenSSL session ticket management.
    • OpenSSL has added support for TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV to allow applications to block the ability for a MITM attacker to force a protocol downgrade, e.g. to enable a POODLE (CVE-2014-3566) attack by forcing a downgrade to SSLv3. This is enabled automatically for servers.
    • CVE-2014-3568: OpenSSL configured with "no-ssl3" would still allow a complete SSL 3.0 handshake to run.
  • Dropped zlib support from OpenSSL builds to more easily prevent the CRIME attack without having to use special SSL context options.
  • Disabled the SSLv2 support in OpenSSL builds. SSLv2 has long been broken and this simplifies writing secure servers/clients.
  • Updated the included CA root certificate bundles to Mozilla's 2014-08-26 update.
  • Improved cipher list in example which prefers the newer AES128-GCM and elliptic curve DH over over ciphers.
  • Added new context flag MODE_SEND_FALLBACK_SCSV. Documented previously undocumented MODE_RELEASE_BUFFERS and removed non-existing MODE_NO_COMPRESSION from the documentation.
  • Added web installer package to the Python Package Index (PyPI) which simplifies installation.

    In addition to the usual ways of installing eGenix pyOpenSSL, we have uploaded a web installer to PyPI, so that it is now also possible to use one of these installation methods on all supported platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X):

    • easy_install egenix-pyopenssl via PyPI
    • pip install egenix-pyopenssl via PyPI
    • egg reference in zc.buildout via PyPI
    • running "python install" in the unzipped web installer archive directory

    The web installer will automatically detect the platform and choose the right binary download package for you. All downloads are verified before installation.

  • Resolved a problem with a pyOpenSSL test for certificate extensions: OpenSSL 1.0.1i+ wants a signature algorithm to be defined when loading PEM certificates.
  • Moved eGenix additions to pyOpenSSL to a new extras/ dir in the source distribution.
  • In previous releases, we also added the OpenSSL version number to the package version. Since this causes very long version numbers, we have dropped the OpenSSL version starting with 0.13.5 and will only increase the main version number from now on. In the future, we plan to switch to a new version scheme that is compatible with our normal version number scheme for products.

Changes from to

  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1h to 1.0.1i. See for a complete list of changes. Most fixes apply to the OpenSSL DTLS implementation, which pyOpenSSL currently does not support. The following fix is relevant for pyOpenSSL applications:
    • CVE-2014-3511: A flaw in the OpenSSL TLS server code allows a man-in-the-middle attacker to force a downgrade to TLS 1.0.
  • Compiled pyOpenSSL with OPENSSL_LOAD_CONF to have the OpenSSL libs automatically load the openssl.cnf configuration file. This allows easy configuration of additional OpenSSL parameters and defaults, locations of certificate files, hardware engines, etc. without having to change the application code. Please see the documentation for details.
  • Updated the included CA root certificate bundles to Mozilla's 2014-07-15 update.

Changes from to

  • Updated included OpenSSL libraries from OpenSSL 1.0.1g to 1.0.1h. See for a complete list of changes, most important:
    • CVE-2014-0224: An attacker can force the use of weak keying material in OpenSSL SSL/TLS clients and servers. This can be exploited by a Man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack where the attacker can decrypt and modify traffic from the attacked client and server.
    • CVE-2014-0221: By sending an invalid DTLS handshake to an OpenSSL DTLS client the code can be made to recurse eventually crashing in a DoS attack. Only applications using OpenSSL as a DTLS client are affected.
    • CVE-2014-3470: OpenSSL TLS clients enabling anonymous ECDH ciphersuites are subject to a DoS attack.
  • Documented all supported context.set_options() options (to the extent possible using the OpenSSL documentation itself).
  • Updated the included CA root certificate bundles to Mozilla's 2014-04-22 update.

Changes from to

Changes from to

  • Updated pyOpenSSL to the upstream trunk revision 171 (pyOpenSSL version 0.13.1+).
  • Added work-around for compiling pyOpenSSL trunk revision 171 on Windows with OpenSSL 1.0.0 and later.
  • Included support for TLS 1.1 and 1.2 in pyOpenSSL (rev 171). Please see the TLS support section in the documentation for details.
  • Added SSL.OP_NO_COMPRESSION and SSL.OP_SINGLE_ECDH_USE context options to be able to address the CRIME attack and allow for more secure elliptic curve Diffie-Hellman key exchange setups.
  • Added HTML Sphinx documentation from the pyOpenSSL trunk version to the package. An online version is available from our website.
  • Updated the included CA bundles to the latest Mozilla 2014-01-28 version.
  • Included ca-bundle*.crt files now have the same modification date as the Mozilla certdata.txt file from which they were generated.
  • Restored compatibility of the ca_bundle module with Python 2.4.
  • Enhanced the included example to show case OpenSSL best practices:
    • server name parsing (RFC 2818 support will follow in one of the next releases)
    • SNI (support for TLS extension to support multiple SSL sites on a single host)
    • setup secure default SSL options
    • setup secure default SSL cipher suite
    • use TLS 1.0 - 1.2 only
    • disable SSL compression negotiation (prevent CRIME attack)

Changes from to

  • Added a patch by Christian Heimes to pyOpenSSL: This addresses the CVE-2013-4238 related problem with embedded NUL bytes in subjectAltNames and also fixes a memory leak in the X509 .get_extension() method.
  • Christian Heimes also pointed us to a problem with the included CA root bundle, which turns out to be rather wide-spread. Mozilla's certificate bundle includes more than just the trusted CA root certificates. It also includes several explicitly untrusted root certificates and even single untrusted server certificates.

    Our investigation showed that while OpenSSL does handle trust parameters in the certificates, it doesn't use this information during certificate verification, if the certificate is passed in together with other trusted certificates. Future OpenSSL versions may add this support, but at least versions up to and including 1.0.1e don't have it.

    To work around this problem, we have split the bundle file into separate bundles, each with different trust settings included. The explicitly untrusted certificates are no longer included in the lists to avoid potentially trusting these untrusted (root) certificates.

    Many thanks to Christian Heimes for these reports.
  • Added new TRUST_* constants to the OpenSSL.ca_bundle module and new purpose parameters to various bundle query functions.
  • Updated the documentation to reflect the changes and document the new set of CRT certificate files and trust settings.
  • Fixed a missing import in the example.

Changes from 0.13.0_1.0.1c_1 to

Changes from 0.13.0_1.0.0j_1 to 0.13.0_1.0.1c_1:

  • Upgraded the included OpenSSL library from version 1.0.0j to version 1.0.1c. See and for a complete list of changes.
  • Added the openssl binary to the OpenSSL package directory. This can be used to access OpenSSL functionality not exposed by pyOpenSSL.
  • Changed the Windows OPENSSLDIR default to c:\openssl\ to simplify OpenSSL configuration.
  • Fixed OpenSSL assembler build issues on Windows x64 and Mac OS X PPC/x86.

Changes from 0.13.0_1.0.0g_1 to 0.13.0_1.0.0j_1:

Changes from 0.10.0_1.0.0a_1 to 0.13.0_1.0.0g_1:

  • Updated the pyOpenSSL license information from LGPL to Apache License 2.0.
  • Added support for Python 2.7 on all platforms.
  • Added documentation for automatic download of egg distributions using compatible tools such as easy_install and zc.buildout.

Changes from 0.9.0_0.9.8l_1 to 0.10.0_1.0.0a_1:

  • Upgraded the included OpenSSL library from version 0.9.8l to version 1.0.0a. See for a complete list of changes.
  • Upgraded the included pyOpenSSL library from version 0.9 to version 0.10. See the announcement for a summary of changes.
  • Added a new default certificate search path. The embedded OpenSSL libs will now look for certificates in /etc/ssl on Unix platforms and /System/Library/OpenSSL on Mac OS X

Note that it's still better to explicitly tell OpenSSL where to look for trusted certificates via .load_verify_locations(None, certs_dir) than to rely on the above defaults using context.set_default_verify_paths()

  • Added support for Win64 and precompiled Python 2.6 compatible binaries for that platform (you can find the OpenSSL libs in openssl-win64/vc9).
  • Added support for Mac OS X 10.6 on Intel x64.
  • Added .egg Distributions for Python 2.4 as well (in order to support Plone 3).

Changes from 0.9.0_0.9.8k_1 to 0.9.0_0.9.8l_1:

Changes from 0.8.1_0.9.8j_2 to 0.9.0_0.9.8k_1:

  • Upgraded the included pyOpenSSL library to version 0.9, which includes a new fix for the threading problems of version 0.8 and several new features.
  • Upgraded the included OpenSSL libraries to version 0.9.8k, which includes a number of important bug fixes related to SSL.

Changes from 0.8.1_0.9.8j_1 to 0.8.1_0.9.8j_2:

  • Added support for Mac OS X and pre-built archives for this platform.

Changes from 0.8.0_0.9.8j_1 to 0.8.1_0.9.8j_1:

  • Fixed a serious problem with pyOpenSSL 0.8.0 and multi-threaded applications: the new threading fixes cause invalid thread states in the Python interpreter which resulted in random core dumps and seg faults. The patch was provided by Maxim Sobolev on SourceForge. Note that this patch has not yet been integrated into upstream pyOpenSSL.
  • Added pre-built archives for Windows upon request from the Plone people: this makes it easier to integrate the archives into buildout scripts.

Changes from 0.8.0_0.9.8i_1 to 0.8.0_0.9.8j_1:

  • Upgraded the included OpenSSL libs to version 0.9.8j, which fixes a vulnerability found in earlier OpenSSL releases of the 0.9.8 branch: CVE-2008-5077.
  • Enabled zlib compression support in OpenSSL for both the Linux and Windows builds, so OpenSSL client/servers can now negotiate on-the-fly zlib compression for SSL connections.

Changes from 0.7.0_0.9.8i_1 to 0.8.0_0.9.8i_1:

Changes from 0.7.0_0.9.8h_1 to 0.7.0_0.9.8i_1: